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5 Seeds Grewia occidentalis Seeds Lavender Star Flower Seeds
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This attractive indigenous shrub may be found in a variety of habitats ranging from arid karoo coastal dune bush evergreen montane forest and wooded grasslands. On the Highveld mainly grows in clumps of bush and rocky places often in the shade of trees - it occurs naturally in the Witwatersrand National Botanical Garden where it is common and may be found in almost all areas. The natural distribution of the Grewia occidentalis ranges from the Western Cape up to Zimbabwe and Mozambique. This genus is named after Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712) an English physician. Occidentalis means from the west. It is a scrambling deciduous shrub or small tree reaching up to 3m in height. Purple star-shaped flowers (measuring 1.5 to 3cm across) appear in summer (October - January) followed by distinctive four-lobed fruits (hence the common name cross-berry and four-corner). Fruits turns shiny reddish-brown to light purple when ripe (January - May) and may remain on the tree for long periods. The leaves are alternate and simple with three distinct veins from the base. They are shiny deep green and may be slightly hairy on both surfaces. They are usually held in a horizontal plane towards the light. Leaves are browsed by cattle goats and game (black rhino giraffe nyala and grey duiker). Ripe fruits are relished by various birds such as louries mousebirds bulbuls and barbets as well as certain mammals (including man). Larvae of the rufous-winged elfin butterfly (Eagris nottoana) and buff-tipped skipper (Netrobalane canopus) feed on the leaves of this species. In certain areas where the sugar content of the fruits is high they are collected and dried for later use. The dried fruits are sometimes boiled in milk - a bush milkshake! Beer is also brewed from the ripe fruit in certain areas. Other human uses of this species include using the wood to make bows and spear shafts. The cross-berry is an important species in traditional medicine and is used for a variety of purposes. Bruised bark soaked in hot water is used to treat wounds. Pounded bark used regularly as a shampoo was believed to prevent hair from turning grey. Parts of the plant were used to treat impotence and sterility and root extracts were used to help in childbirth.
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